Furniture restoration, especially antique and historic furniture restoration, requires experts. These experts know all there is to know about the time period the piece of furniture came from, and they know how to restore it without destroying its value. If you have a piece of furniture that has been passed down for four generations (or more) and it needs a little work, here are four areas of focus where these restoration experts work to improve the piece without ruining the value.
If the furniture is an upholstered piece, the upholstery needs to be cleaned and carefully restored when possible. If the upholstery is too badly damaged or too badly soiled, the restoration expert looks for fabrics that are from that time, or that most closely resemble a fabric or textile that would have been used for making furniture. It is vital to be as accurate as possible, so the expert will take a before and after photo so that whatever fabric is finally chosen for the upholstery, the furniture piece is restored to look as much like its original self as possible.
The wood used on a piece of furniture has to be as old as the piece itself. This ensures that the age of the furniture is not betrayed by using a piece of wood cut a month ago versus a salvaged piece of wood from a similar furniture item as old as the one you brought to the restorer's shop. The restoration experts can tell the age of the furniture by the style and by the type of wood used. Repairing wood sections on your piece requires a great deal of finesse because pieces must be fitted to each other as seamlessly as possible.
Glue and screws are modern fasteners. To use these on an antique piece of furniture is to betray the craftsmanship of the original builder. Using modern fasteners on antique furniture also brings down the value of the piece. It is important that the joining and construction of the piece be reproduced perfectly. That might mean dovetailing, adding wood pegs in holes to prevent things from coming apart, and so on.
What furniture builders of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries used for wood finishes is nothing like the modern chemical finishes used today. That said, painting an antique piece borders on sacrilege in the minds of antique dealers. If you have a piece restored fully, it will need whatever antiquated finish was used on the piece in the first place, and the restoration experts know exactly how to make that finish.
Reach out to companies like B New Restoration to learn more about furniture restoration.